The (Consolidated version of) the Treaty on European Union (Art.7) aims to ensure the respect of the European values, including Rule of Law.
It is currently possible both in case of risk of violation and actual violation of breach of values - an active intervention of the Council of the European Union.
Specifically in case of existence of a serious and persistent breach by a Member State of the values, the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide to suspend certain of the rights deriving from the application of the Treaties to the Member State in question, including the voting rights in the Council ["sanction mechanism", art 7(2)].
In case of clear risk of serious breach of EU values, the Council may address to the concerned country specific Recommendations. (prevention mechanism, art.7.(1))
In both cases the Council has the” last word” on the initiative to be take. In particular, to apply the suspension of rights of a Member State, the Council shall decide unanimously.
Our ECI aims specifically to facilitate the implementation of the provisions of Article 7 TEU, strengthening mutual trust between the Member States. It aims to be a concrete instrument to verify the practical application of national provisions relating to the rule of law. Concretely we want to solicit the European Institutions on enforcing European laws on judicial cooperation in criminal matters.